10.12.2017


INTRODUCTION
Small and medium-sized business (SMB) is a basis for economic development, employment and creation of new jobs and the key source of budget revenues in any country.
The relevant regulatory and legal framework builds on the term “small and medium-sized enterprise”. Small and medium-sized enterprises include businesses with up to 250 employees, up to EUR 50 million of annual income as well as sole traders. In the Ukrainian context, the terms “small and medium-sized business” and “small and medium-sized enterprise” share the same acronym — SME. This makes the two terms equal and fails to demonstrate the important role played by sole traders (ST) in small and medium-sized business.
In this study, SME will be used as abbreviation for small and medium-sized enterprises, and SMB — as abbreviation for the whole sector of small and medium-sized business (legal entities and sole traders).
SMB’s share in Ukraine’s economy is as large as 99%. SMB employs 79.1% of Ukraine’s total workforce. Therefore, public authorities should elaborate social and labour policies primarily with due consideration of the opinion of representatives of small and medium-sized business.
Ukraine’s small and medium-sized business has its unique characteristics, among which:
- High level of distrust in public authorities and NGOs in the SMB sector;
- Decentralised support infrastructure for small and medium-sized business;
- Poor management resulting from inconsistent vertical and horizontal communication between public authorities regulating the small and medium-sized business and lack of proper communication between public authorities and representatives of SMB at both the national and regional levels;
- Lack of knowledge, culture of and experience in market relations both among public authorities and in the SMB environment;
- Poor representation of SMB in the decision-making process in social and labour sector.
Taking account of these peculiarities for the purposes of reforming and regulating the social and labour sector will facilitate better communication between the business and public authorities, improve the quality of managerial decisions, increase employment rates and develop the SMB in the country.
Efficiency of the SMB policy depends on whether or not public authorities and the business have a common vision of the future in this sector. That is why the policy-making process should build on transparent and continuous cooperation between public authorities and representatives of the SMB.

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17.07.2015

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19.02.2015

 

 

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12.11.2014

As provisional application of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement has started on 1
November 2014, institutional setup envisaged by the Association Agreement has been launched.
Civil society organizations were the first to take action and start building up the EUUkraine
Civil Society Platform, which will be established in accordance with the Articles 469-
470 of the Association Agreement.
The process was formally launched in May 2014, when an initiative group gathered. In
July, after the Association Agreement was signed, the Steering Committee of the Constituent
Assembly of the Ukrainian side of the Civil Society Platform (CSP) was formed.
On 7 November, the Constituent Assembly of the Ukrainian side of the CSP, which was
held in President Hotel (Kyiv), has finalized preparatory work.
According to the Association Agreement, the CSP “consists of members of the European
Economic and Social Committee (EESC) on the one hand, and representatives of civil society on
the side of Ukraine, on the other, as a forum to them to meet and exchange views.” The Platform
should be informed about the decisions and recommendations of the Association Council
(bilateral governmental body of the Association), as well as provide its own recommendations
which should be considered by official bodies of Ukraine and the EU.
The process of establishment of the Ukrainian side of the CSP was transparent, public,
inclusive and open. More than 250 NGOs took part in establishing the Platform, while 165
participated in the Constituent Assembly directly.
The European side that is responsible for establishment of the CSP is the European
Economic and Social Committee (EESC), and to sustain cooperation with the EEAC was one of
the priorities of the constituent process.
As a result of preliminary consultations with the EESC, number of the CSP members will
be 30 (15 + 15), equal number from both sides. So, the main goal of the constituent process was
to propose transparent and inclusive procedure which would enable to elect 15 representatives of
civil society and social partners who would constitute the first composition of the CSP from the
Ukrainian side.

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